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Morphine is a narcotic analgesic. Morphine was first isolated from opium in 1805 by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm Sertürner.
The researchers found that the nerve cells (neurons) damaged by ecstasy are those that use the chemical serotonin to communicate with other neurons.
Darvocet produces psychological and physical dependence like other narcotics, and treatment for Darvocet addiction is much the same.
Patients are as physically dependent on methadone as they were to heroin or other opiates, such as Oxycotin or Vicodin.
derived from the leaves of the coca bush, which grows in South America. Widespread
use and addiction led to government efforts against cocaine in the early 1900s.
The danger associated with cocaine was ignored in the 1970s and early 1980s,
and cocaine was proclaimed by many to be safe. With the accumulating medical
evidence of cocaine's deleterious effects and the introduction and widespread
use of cocaine, the public and government have become alarmed again about its
growing use. To many Americans, especially health care and social workers who
deal with cocaine users and have witnessed the personal and societal devastation
it produces, cocaine addiction is, by far, the most serious drug problem in
the United States.
effects include but are not limited to:
- Changes in blood
- heart rates
- breathing rates
- Loss of appetite
leading to malnutrition and weight loss
- Cold sweats
- Swelling and bleeding
of mucous membranes
- Restlessness and
- Damage to nasal
- Damage to lungs
- Possible heart
attacks, strokes, or convulsions
though the public is often regaled with highly publicized accounts of
deaths from cocaine, many still mistakenly believe the drug, especially
when sniffed, to be nonaddictive and not as harmful as other illicit drugs.
Cocaine's immediate physical effects include raised breathing rate, raised
blood pressure and body temperature, and dilated pupils.
By causing the coronary
arteries to constrict, blood pressure rises and the blood supply to the
heart diminishes. This can cause heart attacks or convulsions within an
hour after use. Chronic users and those with hypertension, epilepsy, and
cardiovascular disease are at particular risk. Studies show that even
those with no previous heart problems risk cardiac complications from
cocaine. Increased use may sensitize the brain to the drug's effects so
that less of the substance is needed to induce a seizure. Those who inject
the drug are at high risk for AIDS and hepatitis when they share needles.
Allergic reactions to cocaine or other substances mixed in with the drug
may also occur.
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